Foot Surgery

Your foot and ankle work together to provide balance, stability, movement, and propulsion and sometimes when injured, foot surgery is required.

This complex anatomy consists of 26 bones, 33 joints, Muscles, Tendons, Ligaments, Blood vessels, nerves, and soft tissue.

There are various conditions requiring surgery:

  • Plantar fasciitis is a common foot problem. It starts as a dull intermittent pain in the heel that may progress to a sharp persistent pain.
  • Bunions are a very common problem. Generally they occur when the forefoot spreads and the big toe then deviates towards the other toes. The prominent bone at the side of the big toe rubs against the shoe and the skin becomes reddened. Often a sac of fluid called a bursa may develop in the tissue overlying the prominent bone. This swelling, consisting of inflamed soft tissues and underlying prominent bone is what we call a ‘bunion’. If left untreated they can be very painful.
  • A Neuroma is one of the commonest causes of pain in the ball of the foot. A neuroma is a swelling which develops on a nerve. Most commonly this occurs between the third and fourth toes but can also occur between the second and third toes.
  • Ankle injuries are the most common sports-related injury. An ankle fracture is a break in one or more bones that make up the ankle joint. Sometimes ligaments may also be damaged.
  • Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to heel bone. It is used when you walk, run and jump. When the Achilles tendon becomes thin, weak, or if it is not used, it may be susceptible to injury or damage.

Words from Orthopaedics SA.

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